Some tree experts and arborists say that the World's Smallest Tree is a tiny plant that grows in the coldest regions of the Northern Hemisphere. But others also claim that the Salix Herbacea or Dwarf Willow is not a tree, but rather a woody shrub that does not meet the definition of a tree accepted by botanists and foresters.
The definition of a tree that most tree scholars recognize is "a woody plant with a single erect perennial trunk that reaches at least 3 inches in diameter at breast height (DBH} when mature." That certainly does not fit the Dwarf Willow, although the plant is a member of the willow family.
Dwarf Willow or Salix Herbacea is one of the smallest woody plants in the world. It typically grows to only 1-6 cm in height and has round, shiny green leaves 1-2 cm long and broad. Like all members of genus Salix, dwarf willow has both male and female catkins but on separate plants. The female catkins are red in color, while the male catkins are yellow.
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